Known as Nubt in Ancient Egypt, and Ombos in classical antiquity, Naqada is home to a deep and ancient heritage. It is located in the modern-day governorate of Qena, and lies approximately 20km north of the city of Luxor. It was documented by the likes of Petrie and Kaiser in the early 1800s and 1900s for its Pharaonic treasures.
The land west of the Nile River is not favorable for agriculture as the distance between the Nile and mountain range is limited. Thus, citizens of Naqada turned to weaving as a means of sustenance. In recent times, the livelihood and economy of the weavers in the village depended on the Sudanese ferka (a long sari-like cloth worn by Sudanese brides). The outbreak of civil war in Sudan terminated that market, pulling down the economy of the village with it. The weavers then turned to the flourishing Egyptian tourism, and wove shawls in various sizes using the traditional weaving patterns for tourists.
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